Type 2 diabetes is a prevalent pathology that has gradually increased in parallel to the rise in overweight and obesity in society. Today, 14% of the general population in Spain and 30% of people aged over 60 years have diabetes. Diabetes is a chronic state of hyperglycaemia which, if not properly managed, can cause complications: retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy, heart attacks, stroke and amputation. Type 2 diabetes, is also related to other cardiovascular risk factors such as high blood pressure, dyslipidaemia and obesity. Nutritional recommendations in diabetes patients are based on a balanced diet, increasing the consumption of fruit and vegetables, using virgin olive oil as the main source of fat, avoiding saturated fats in general and with higher dietary intake of fish and fibre. When a person with diabetes has malnutrition and requires oral supplementation to improve their nutritional status, it is very important that the supplements do not worsen glycaemia control. A high calorie and high-protein or high calorie supplement (Bi1 HP/HC or Bi1 plus) or even a normoprotein/normocalorie supplement with fibre (Bi1 fibre) can be commenced. However, if the patient does not reveal correct glucose control a special formula with slow-absorbing carbohydrate and a higher percentage of lipids (Bi1 Dakar) will be recommended. The consumption of virgin olive oil is recommended for the general population and in diabetes patients, especially because of their protective role in the cardiovascular system. Bi1 diacare is a source of extra virgin olive oil.
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