Short bowel syndrome (SIC): is the alteration of the anatomy or function of the intestine that leads to decreased absorption of nutrients with a high risk of malnutrition. SIC can appear in patients in whom intestinal surgeries have been performed with resection of several segments, either due to tumor processes or vascular alterations (intestinal ischemia). Also be secondary to alterations in function due to problems of the intestine (enteropathies), but this is less frequent. In the SIC there is no surface to carry out the main functions of the intestine such as hydration and absorption of nutrients from the diet.
Malnutrition is very common in pathologies that include the digestive tract, such as short bowel syndrome, chronic pancreatitis, inflammatory bowel diseases, among others.
In this pathology it is very important to control hydration because they usually have a rapid intestinal transit and an increased number of bowel movements. Normally they require oral supplementation in order to maintain a correct nutritional status, those with hydrolyzed proteins (oligomeric supplements) and substances that are rapidly absorbed such as medium chain triglycerides (MCT), especially in the early phase of SIC . The Bi1 pepticare is an oligomeric diet enriched with omega 3 and MCT oil that could be indicated in this type of patients.
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