Gastrointestinal Pathologies

Malnutrition is very common in pathologies that include the digestive tract, such as short bowel syndromechronic pancreatitisinflammatory bowel diseases, among others.

Short Bowel Syndrome (SBS): this is abnormal anatomy or function of the intestine that implies decreased absorption of nutrients with a high risk of malnutrition. SBS can appear in patients in whom bowel surgeries with resection of the affected segments because of tumours or vascular conditions (bowel ischemia) have been performed. It can also follow abnormal function because of specific intestinal disorders (enteropathies) but this is less common. During SBS there is no surface to perform the most important functions of the bowel such as hydration and absorption of nutrients from the diet.

In this pathology it is very important to monitor hydration because there is usually fast and an increased number of bowel movements. They usually require oral supplementation to maintain correct nutrition; those with hydrolysed proteins (oligomer supplements) and substances quickly absorbed such as medium chain triglyceride (MCT) especially during the early stage of SBS, are appropriate. Bi1 pepticare is an oligomeric diet enriched with omega 3 and MCT oil that could be indicated for this kind of patients.

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